Monday, 9 October 2017

TNPSC Polity Study Materials - The Preamble English

TNPSC Polity Study Materials in Tamil

The Preamble
History
1.      The preamble to the Indian Constitution is based on the ‘Objective Resolution’ , drafted and moved by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 December 1946 and adopted by the constitution assembly on 22nd January 1947
2.     the Idea of the Preamble is based on the American Constitution
3.     the Preamble (i.e. Constitution) was adopted by the people of India on 26th November 1949 and came into force from 26th January 1950
Keywords in the Preamble
1.      Sovereign – specifies India is an independent state
2.     Socialist – declares India is a socialist state
3.     Secular – no state religion
4.     Democratic – possession of supreme power by people
5.     Republic – president is elected through election – no hereditary position like England
6.     Justice – provides the people of social, economic, and political justice
7.      Liberty –through expression of belief, faith and worship and others
8.     Equality – absence of special privileges to any section of the society
9.     Fraternity

Amendment to the constitution
1.      Preamble was amended once so far, under the article 368 (amendment to the constitution)
2.     The 42nd amendment act, 1976 based on the recommendation of Swaran Singh committee, setup by Indian National congress under the leadership of Indira Gandhi,  inserted the words “Secular”, “Socialist” and “Integrity” into the Preamble of the Constitution

Supreme Court Cases – on the Preamble
1.      Berubari Union vs Union of India, 1960 – in which Supreme Court declared that the Preamble is not a part of the constitution
2.     Keshavananda Bharati vs State of Kerala case 1973, in which Supreme Court declared that the Preamble is a part of the constitution of India
3.     Again in LIC vs Union of India case, 1995 – Supreme Court held that the Preamble is an integral part of the constitution of India
4.      In SR Bommai vs Union of India case – Supreme Court of India held that, the Secularism was an integral part of the basic structure of the constitution of India


 Text of the Preamble
            “WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure all its citizens:
            JUSTICE, Social, Economic and Political;
            LIBERTY of thoughts, expression, belief faith and worship
EQULITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all’
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
            IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSITUTION”





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